Call for Papers

UNHCR MMC Policy Workshop

Protection Challenges on the Central & Western Mediterranean Routes

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Publication series

5 urban mixed migration case studies

Risks, opportunities and impact of Covid-19 on refugees and migrants in Bamako, Bogota, Kuala Lumpur, Nairobi, Tunis

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Virtual event

A sharper lens on vulnerability

What makes refugees and migrants vulnerable to protection incidents on migration routes through North and West Africa?

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About the West Africa Regional Hub

As part of the MMC global network, MMC West Africa works towards the objectives of the MMC by engaging in data collection, research, analysis and policy development on mixed migration.

MMC West Africa operates 4Mi in Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso. A network of 33 monitors carry out an average of 500 surveys per month with refugees and migrants in Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger. Monitors collect data relating to individual profiles, migratory drivers, means of movement, conditions of movement, the smuggler economy, aspirations and destination choices.

Mixed Migration in West Africa

West Africa is a region with a long-standing culture of migration, primarily characterized by intra-regional movements. Among refugees and migrants interviewed by the mixed migration monitoring mechanism (4Mi), those moving out of the region reported to be migrating predominantly towards North Africa and elsewhere in Africa, and to a lesser extent towards Europe. Return movements include expulsions from Algeria to Niger, evacuations from Libya to Niger, as well as returns through the Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration programmes. Mobility within and out of the region takes place through temporary, circular and more permanent movements, principally for the purpose of labor, but also for other reasons including personal or family reasons. Conflict and violence also lead to internal and cross-border displacement. While the majority of the population live in rural areas, West Africa is experiencing a rapid pace of urbanization.

Quarterly Mixed Migration Updates - West Africa

A quarterly update on new trends and dynamics related to mixed migration and relevant policy developments in the region.

Quarterly Mixed Migration Update West Africa, Quarter 3, 2020

This Quarterly Mixed Migration Update (QMMU) covers the West Africa (WA) region. The core countries of focus for this region are Niger, Mali, Burkina Faso and Nigeria. Depending on the quarterly trends and migration-related updates, more attention may be given to any of the countries over the rest. The QMMUs offer a quarterly update on...

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