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Quarterly Mixed Migration Updates (Q3 2020)

Quarterly mixed migration updates on new trends & dynamics covering 6 regions

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The impact of COVID-19 on refugees and migrants:

data and observations from MMC’s 4Mi program

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Latin America and the Caribbean

Mixed Migration Regional Hub

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Photo: Juan Carlos Tomasi/MSF

About the Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Hub

As part of the MMC global network, MMC LAC works towards the objectives of the MMC by engaging in data collection, research, analysis and policy development on mixed migration.

MMC LAC was established in September 2019. It provides high-quality information and analysis on the mixed migration patterns and dynamics in the region. Its primary objectives are to fill the knowledge gap on mixed migration; to inform programming for refugees and migrants, particularly in the area of protection; and to inform policy-making around the rights and protection of people on the move. MMC’s flagship data collection project ‘4Mi’ is implemented in Colombia and Peru, focusing on mixed migration flows out of Venezuela, and in Guatemala and Mexico, interviewing mainly Central American refugees and migrants heading towards North America. A network of 21 monitors carry out an average of 525 surveys per month with people on the move across nine locations.

Mixed Migration in Latin America and the Caribbean

The Americas are a continent characterized primarily by intra-regional movements. Mixed migration movements in LAC gained global attention between 2017 and 2018, when the number of refugees and migrants from Venezuela sharply increased and reached virtually every country in the region. After initially adopting an open border policy, several states in LAC started imposing increasing restrictions to the mobility of Venezuelan refugees and migrants, who now struggle to move and integrate in their country of destination.

In parallel, Central and North America continue to witness mixed migration movements of two main population groups, both trying to reach the US: nationals of El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala, leaving their countries of origin to find protection from violence and persecution by criminal gangs, improve their economic situation and reunite with family members at destination; and people on the move from African, Asian and Caribbean countries, also motivated by a variety of drivers that include searching for better opportunities but also fleeing armed conflict and persecution. Several initiatives – including safe third country agreements – have been put in place by the US to reduce both regular and irregular migration and prevent people on the move from reaching its territory.

Quarterly Mixed Migration Updates - Latin America & the Caribbean

A quarterly update on new trends and dynamics related to mixed migration and relevant policy developments in the region.

Quarterly Mixed Migration Update Latin America and the Caribbean, Q3, 2020

This Quarterly Mixed Migration Update (QMMU) covers the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region. The core countries of focus for this region are the countries currently affected by the Venezuelan crisis, including Colombia, Brazil, Peru and Ecuador, in addition to the Caribbean islands. Concerning northern movements to the United Sates, this QMMU covers Mexico...

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giulia.testa@mixedmigration.org

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