1st 4Mi snapshot by MMC Europe

Destination Europe – migrants and refugees in Italy looking back at their migration journey

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Featured resource

Quarterly Mixed Migration Updates (Q1 2020)

Quarterly mixed migration updates on new trends & dynamics covering 7 regions

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Europe

Mixed Migration Regional Hub

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Photo: Panos

About the Europe Regional Hub

As part of the MMC global network, MMC Europe works towards the objectives of the MMC by engaging in data collection, research, analysis and policy development on mixed migration.

MMC Europe was established in February 2019. Its core activity is 4Mi data collection in Italy and Greece interviewing refugees and migrants from Nigeria, Ivory Coast, Pakistan, Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan. The ambition is to expand data collection and analysis to cover other migration routes in Europe, both in countries of first arrival and across routes further within Europe.

Mixed Migration in Europe

Mixed migration flows to Europe gained massive attention in 2015 when unprecedented numbers reached Greece and Italy. Since then, migration has remained high on the political and public agenda and several migration management initiatives have been put in place by the EU and national governments to combat migrant smuggling, reduce irregular migration and in some cases find legal pathways: The Joint Action Plan signed by the EU and Turkey and the following EU-Turkey Statement, consecutive border closures at the Balkan route and bilateral efforts by Italy to reduce crossings along the Central Mediterranean route.

While we have seen an overall reduction of numbers arriving to Europe since 2016 migrants and refugees continue to find ways to enter the region in search for protection and better living conditions. Issues remain: overcrowded EU hot spots in Greece and Italy, detention, collective expulsions, pushbacks, and human rights abuses.

Quarterly Mixed Migration Updates - Europe

A quarterly update on new trends and dynamics related to mixed migration and relevant policy developments in the region.

Quarterly Mixed Migration Update Europe, Q1, 2020

This Quarterly Mixed Migration Update (QMMU) covers Europe. The core countries of focus are Spain, Italy, Greece and countries along the Balkan migration route. Depending on the quarterly trends and migration related updates, more attention may be given to some countries over the rest. The QMMUs offer a quarterly update on new trends and dynamics...

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Donors and Partners

The 4Mi data collection in Italy and Greece is part of the project ‘Advancing Alternative Migration Governance’ (ADMIGOV) funded by the European Union – Horizon2020.

In Greece, MMC is partner with KMOP.

In Italy, MMC is partner with Oxfam.