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Outspoken but Unheard

How diasporas in Europe shape migration along the Central Mediterranean Sea route

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Quarterly Mixed Migration Updates (Q3)

Regional quarterly mixed migration updates on new trends & dynamics

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Mixed Migration Regional Hub

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About the Asia Regional Hub

As part of the MMC global network, MMC Asia works towards the objectives of the MMC by engaging in data collection, research, analysis and policy development on mixed migration.

MMC Asia’s main activity to date has been 4Mi data collection among Afghans on the move in Afghanistan, Europe and South/Southeast Asia. 4Mi has expanded more recently to include data collection on the movements of other groups of migrants and refugees across Southeast Asia. 4Mi data collection is currently taking place in Afghanistan, India, Indonesia and Malaysia.

Mixed Migration in Asia

Asia is characterized at the same time by fast evolving and complex population movements, including large-scale movement of migrants and refugees, and by a particularly weak legal framework for the protection of people moving as part of these – largely irregular – movements. Due to the lack of a legal and protection framework in many countries across Asia, migrants and refugees are often treated as “irregular migrants” and as such subject to measures such as arrest, detention and deportation. Many take great risks to escape life-threatening situations, such as conflicts, violence, discrimination or natural disasters, embarking on perilous journeys by land or by sea. Some feel compelled to resort to the services of smugglers, and others may fall prey to traffickers. Unlike regular migration in which categories of mobile populations are known and documented, the profile of people travelling in mixed migration flows are not readily evident or identifiable, including those in need of protection as determined by international law, such as refugees and victims of trafficking. Their needs and vulnerabilities, as well as their status, may change significantly during the course of their often long and staggered journey.

Quarterly Mixed Migration Updates - Asia

A quarterly update on new trends and dynamics related to mixed migration and relevant policy developments in the region.

Quarterly Mixed Migration Update Asia, Quarter 3, 2019

This Quarterly Mixed Migration Update (QMMU) covers Southern and Southeast Asia. The core countries of focus for this region are Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan and Thailand. Depending on the quarterly trends and migration-related updates, more attention may be given to any of the countries over the rest. The QMMUs offer a...

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