The Mixed Migration Centre

Photo: Sven Torfinn/Panos

What is the Mixed Migration Centre?

The MMC is a leading source for independent and high-quality data, research, analysis and expertise on mixed migration. The MMC aims to increase understanding of mixed migration, to positively impact global and regional migration policies, to inform evidence-based protection responses for people on the move and to stimulate forward thinking in public and policy debates on mixed migration. The MMC’s overarching focus is on human rights and protection for all people on the move.

What is mixed migration?

Mixed migration refers to cross-border movements of people including refugees fleeing persecution and conflict, victims of trafficking and people seeking better lives and opportunities. Motivated to move by a multiplicity of factors, people in mixed flows have different legal statuses as well as a variety of vulnerabilities. Although entitled to protection under international human rights law, they are exposed to multiple rights violations along their journey. Those in mixed migration flows travel along similar routes, using similar means of travel – often travelling irregularly and wholly or partially assisted by migrant smugglers.

Our initiatives


Through a network of more than 120 monitors in over 20 countries, 4Mi – Mixed Migration Monitoring Mechanism Initiative – collects in-depth information directly from refugees and migrants on the move on a daily basis.

Photo: Clive Shirley

Mixed Migration Review

MMC’s flagship annual report on mixed migration: highlights, interviews, essays & data.

Research and trend analysis

MMC’s regional hubs conduct in-depth research and provide expert analysis on a range of mixed migration issues. Research reports and papers and 4Mi snapshots can be found under resources and on the regional pages.

The regional hubs compile Quarterly Updates of mixed migration movements, data, trends and issues in each of the regions, as well descriptions of political events and policy changes affecting mixed migration. The Quarterly Mixed Migration Updates (QMMU) are listed in the resource section and on the regional pages.

Policy engagement

MMC is involved in various global and regional migration policy processes and dialogues, regularly presents at conferences, round tables and panel discussions and organises informal roundtables with policy makers to discuss migration trends and policies. MMC has also been closely following the negotiations and implementation of Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration. Find here a selection of MMC policy statements on GCM during the negotiations and a research report taking stock of one year of GCM implementation.

Evidence based mixed migration programming

Over the past decade “evidence-based programming” has become extremely popular in humanitarian response, with donors and practitioners alike emphasising the role of data in particular as a basis for informed decisionmaking. Mixed migration contexts are no exception, and this study was commissioned with a view to supporting MMC’s approaches to its third objective: contributing to evidence-based protection responses for people on the move (programming).

Meet the global team


MMC North Africa 4Mi Project Manager: The specific objectives of the role will be to lead and support the implementation of the 4Mi project run out of the MMC North Africa, to establish a continually improved knowledge base for protection response to mixed migration and better inform public policy. More information about the role and how to apply (Deadline: 23 September).

MMC North Africa Consultancy: Research on determinants of destination choices of refugees and migrants in Libya More information about the consultancy and how to apply (Deadline 30 September).

MMC North Africa Consultancy: Study on mixed migration to and through Morocco and Mixed Migration Monitoring Mechanism Initiative (4Mi) assessment in the country More information about the consultancy and how to apply (Deadline 21 September).

MMC Asia Consultancy: Research on the impact of involuntary immobility on refugees and people seeking asylum in Indonesia. More information about the consultancy and how to apply (Deadline: 21 September).

All our vacancies and (research) consultancies are advertised publicly on the DRC and MMC website. For any questions regarding opportunities with MMC contact us at


For all general inquiries, please contact us at:

Or contact the Head of MMC, Bram Frouws:

For regional inquiries, contact one of the regional coordinators directly.

MMC and the Danish Refugee Council

The MMC is part of, and governed by DRC through a Steering Committee consisting of DRC HQ and Regional representation. While its institutional link to DRC ensures MMC’s work is grounded in operational reality, it acts as an independent source of data, research, analysis and policy development on mixed migration for policy makers, practitioners, journalists, and the broader humanitarian sector. The position of the MMC does not necessarily reflect the position of DRC.

Our funding partners

The MMC’s work is made possible through the generous support and close cooperation with various partners, including (as of September 2019): Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA), the UK Department for International Development (DFID), Denmark Development Cooperation (Danida), the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs (UM), UNHCR, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the European Union, the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs (BZ).

  • European Union
  • IGAD
  • Swiss FDFA
  • Swiss SDC
  • unhcr
  • the Netherlands
  • Denmark
  • France