The Mixed Migration Centre

Photo: Sven Torfinn/Panos

What is mixed migration?

Mixed migration refers to cross-border movements of people including refugees fleeing persecution and conflict, victims of trafficking and people seeking better lives and opportunities. Motivated to move by a multiplicity of factors, people in mixed flows have different legal statuses as well as a variety of vulnerabilities. Although entitled to protection under international human rights law, they are exposed to multiple rights violations along their journey. Those in mixed migration flows travel along similar routes, using similar means of travel – often travelling irregularly and wholly or partially assisted by migrant smugglers.

What is the Mixed Migration Centre?

The MMC is a leading source for independent and high-quality data, research, analysis and expertise on mixed migration. The MMC aims to increase understanding of mixed migration, to positively impact global and regional migration policies, to inform evidence-based protection responses for people on the move and to stimulate forward thinking in public and policy debates on mixed migration. The MMC’s overarching focus is on human rights and protection for all people on the move.

Our initiatives


Through a network of more than 120 monitors in over 20 countries, 4Mi – Mixed Migration Monitoring Mechanism Initiative – collects in-depth information directly from refugees and migrants on the move on a daily basis.

Photo: Clive Shirley

Mixed Migration Review

MMC’s flagship annual report on mixed migration: highlights, interviews, essays & data.

Research and trend analysis

MMC’s regional hubs conduct in-depth research and provide expert analysis on a range of mixed migration issues. Research reports and papers and 4Mi snapshots can be found under resources and on the regional pages.

The regional hubs compile Quarterly Updates of mixed migration movements, data, trends and issues in each of the regions, as well descriptions of political events and policy changes affecting mixed migration. The Quarterly Mixed Migration Updates (QMMU) are listed in the resource section and on the regional pages.

Policy engagement

MMC is involved in various global and regional migration policy processes and dialogues, regularly presents at conferences, round tables and panel discussions and organises informal roundtables with policy makers to discuss migration trends and policies. MMC has also been closely following the negotiations and implementation of Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration. Find here a selection of MMC policy statements on GCM during the negotiations and a research report taking stock of one year of GCM implementation.


For all general inquiries, please contact us at:

Or contact the Head of MMC, Bram Frouws:

For regional inquiries, contact one of the regional coordinators directly.

MMC and the Danish Refugee Council

The MMC is part of, and governed by DRC through a Steering Committee consisting of DRC HQ and Regional representation. While its institutional link to DRC ensures MMC’s work is grounded in operational reality, it acts as an independent source of data, research, analysis and policy development on mixed migration for policy makers, practitioners, journalists, and the broader humanitarian sector. The position of the MMC does not necessarily reflect the position of DRC.

Our funding partners

The MMC’s work is made possible through the generous support and close cooperation with various partners, including (as of September 2019): Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA), the UK Department for International Development (DFID), Denmark Development Cooperation (Danida), the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs (UM), UNHCR, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the European Union, the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs (BZ).

  • European Union
  • IGAD
  • Swiss FDFA
  • Swiss SDC
  • unhcr
  • the Netherlands
  • Denmark