4Mi Infographics

Choose a topic to discover more about people on the move on the seven major routes where 4Mi is operational:


Afghanistan to Europe

Afghanistan to South/Southeast Asia

Horn of Africa to North Africa/Europe

Horn of Africa to Yemen/Saudi Arabia

Horn of Africa to South Africa

West Africa to West and Central Africa

West Africa to North Africa


Drivers Primary and secondary drivers, including people’s aspirations.

Risk Awareness & Decision Making Awareness of the risks before starting the journey.

Smuggling Findings from our interviews with people involved in smuggling.

Protection Incidents Fatalities, detention, violence and other rights violations. Where are they occurring, and who is responsible?

Assistance What assistance did people receive along the way, what assistance were they missing?

Destinations Where do people want to go and why?


The data presented in the infographics is drawn primarily from the Mixed Migration Review 2019, based on 9,749 surveys conducted in 15 countries.

Additional thematic infographics are from various MMC publications. 


For more about how 4Mi collects and analyses data, see the Frequently Asked Questions. If you are interested in more details on the data presented, or access to the dataset, contact us at info@mixedmigration.org.